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Abbadie, Jacques

Abbadie, Jacques (1654?–1727)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
1,068 words

(1654?–1727), Huguenot pastor in Berlin and London (1680–1699), dean of Killaloe in Ireland (1699–1727),

Abbt, Thomas

Abbt, Thomas (1738–1766)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
587 words

(1738–1766), German philosopher.

In 1756, after graduating from an academic secondary school (Gymnasium), the highly

Abernethy, John

Abernethy, John (1764–1831)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

(1764–1831),

as president of the Royal College of Surgeons, one of the most influential men in the medical

abolitionism

abolitionism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

a slippery term covering both the movement for the abolition of the slave trade, achieved by an Act of Parliament

Académie Française

Académie Française   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
1,040 words

When the Académie was founded in 1635, its essential role was to purify and standardize the French language and

Academies

Academies   Reference library

J. M. Opal

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of the American Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

As vehicles for Enlightenment ideas about human potential and social progress, academies played a vital role in the cultural and

Academies

Academies   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
11,662 words
Illustration(s):
1

This entry contains six subentries, dealing with academies in Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia, Italy,

Ackermann, Rudolph

Ackermann, Rudolph (1764–1834)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

(1764–1834),

publisher and bookseller. Born in Saxony, Ackermann moved to London in the 1780s, where, after a

Acontius, Jacobus

Acontius, Jacobus (1520–1567)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
543 words

(also Jacob; Ital, Giacomo Aconcio; c.1520–1567), one of the most influential proponents of the idea of toleration

Acquaviva, Claudio

Acquaviva, Claudio (1543–1615)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
570 words

(Lat., Aquaviva; 1543–1615), fifth general of the Society of Jesus, 1581–1615.

A younger son of the Neapolitan duke

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